Pre-Int 1 - Futuro `Will`

Pre-Intermediate Level Lesson 1 - Pre-Intermedio Lezione 1

Pre-Int 1 - Futuro `Will`

The Future  Will/Won't
Il futuro 'Will/'Won't
 
                                 

 
The famous Cheddar Gorge caves.
Le famose grotte 'Cheddar Gorge'
 
 
Will/Won't

'Will' and 'Won't' go after the subject and before the verb.
'Will' e 'Won't' vanno dopo il soggetto e prima del verbo.
 
Formed:
Formato:
Positive/affermativo: Subject + 'll (or will) + infinitive of verb.
Negative/negativo: Subject + won't (or will not) + infinitive of verb.
Interrogative/Interrogativo: Will + subject + infinitive of verb.
 
Example: GO
Esempio: ANDARE
 
 Positive
Affermativo
Negative
Negativo
Interrogative
Interrogativo
 I'll  or/o   I will
I won't  or/o   I will not
Will I?
 You'll   or/o   You will
You won't   or/o  You will not
Will you?
 He'll   or/o  He will
He won't    or/o   He will not
Will he?
 She'll   or/o  She will
She won't   or/o  She will not
Will she?
 It'll        or/o   It will
It won't        or/o   It will not
Will it?
 You'll    or/o  You will
You won't  or/o  You will not
Will you?
 We'll    or/o   We will
We won't  or/o  We will not
Will we?
 They'll   or/o  They will
They won't  or/ They will not
 Will they?
 

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When to use 'Will'
Quando si usa 'Will'
 
 
 
A.  Uncertain future. 
A.  Futuro incerto.
 
If you use 'maybe' or 'perhaps' (forse) or 'I think' (penso), the future is uncertain so you use 'will.
Se usi 'maybe' o 'perhaps' (forse) o 'I think' (penso), il futuro è incerto quindi si usa 'will'.
 
Translate:
Traduci:
 
 1. Penso che cucinerò le lasagne domani.
 
Answer/Risposta:
I think I'll cook a lasagna tomorrow. 
I think I will cook a lasagna tomorrow.
 2. Forse lui verrà la prossima settimana.
 
Answer/Risposta:
Maybe he'll come next week.
Maybe he will come next week.
 3. Probabilmente lei non andrà in Spagna.
 
Answer/Risposta:
Maybe she won't go to Spain. 
She probably won't go to Spain.
 4. Lui pensa di superare i suoi esami presto.
(superare = to pass)
Answer/Risposta:
He thinks he'll pass his exams soon. 
He thinks he will pass his exams soon.
 5. Noi guarderemo un film stasera probabilmente.
 
Answer/Risposta:
Maybe we'll watch a film tonight.
Maybe we will watch a film tonight.
 6. Penso che a lui piaccierà il suo regalo.
 
Answer/Risposta:
 I think he'll like his present. 
I think he will like his present.

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B) Offers.
B) Offerte.
 
In English we use future tense because it is a spontaneous decision that we will do immediately in the future.  (Italians use Present Simple in this situation).
In inglese si usa il futuro se è un decisione spontanea che la faremo immediatamente nel futuro.  (L'italiano usa il Tempo Presente in questa situazione.
 
Example/Esempio:

 
Answer/Risposta:
I'll help. (aiuto io)
I'll paint it. (La dipingo io)
I'll help paint. (aiuto io a dipingere)
I'll do it. (La faccio io)
Offer to help in these situations:
Offri il tuo aiuto in queste situazioni:
 
 
Answer/Risposta:
I'll carry it. 
I'll carry that. 
I'll take it. 
I'll take that.
 

 
Answer/Risposta:
I'll go.
I'll answer the door.
I'll answer it.
I'll get the door.
I'll get it.
 .
Answer/Risposta:
 I'll do it. ('it'- the washing up singular) or
I'll do them. ('them' - the plates, plural).
I'll do that. 
I'll do these. 
I'll do those.
I'll do the washing up.
I'll do the dishes.
 
Answer/Risposta:
I'll answer the phone.
I'll answer it. 
I'll get the phone. 
I'll get it.  

C) Predictions:
C) Previsioni:
 
This is an opportunity to send us a written composition for correction. It is optional.  Write your future predictions for: transport, food and agriculture, family life, the weather, technology etc. Title 'Italy 2060'. Send us your text to learn@englishforitaly.com  There is a charge for this service.  200 words for 10 euros.  We will correct and return it within 3 working days.
Questa è l' occasione per mandarci una composizione scritta per la correzione.  E Opzionale.  Scrivi learn@englishforitaly.com Questo servizio è a pagamento.  200 parole per 10 euro. Verrà spedito indietro corretto entro 3 giorni lavorativi.

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D) Spontaneous
D) Istantaneo
 
You decide in the moment of speaking. 
In Italian Present Simple is used.
 
"Sally is in hospital".  "Really?"  I'll visit her tomorrow.
"Sally è in ospedale", "davvero?" La visterò domani.

Finish the conversations in a similar way:
Finire le conversazioni in un modo simile:
 
 1. "It's Jack's birthday tomorrow". "Really............."
 
Answer/Risposta:
 I'll buy him a present.
I'll get him a present.
 2. "Julie called you while you were out" "Oh!.........."
 
Answer/Risposta:
I'll call her back.
 3. "We haven't got any bread or milk"  "Oh! ......"
 
 Answer/Risposta:
 I'll go to the shop.
I'll get some.

 

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Future tense 'will'



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