Intermediate 27 - Present Perfect Continuous

Intermediate Level Lesson 27 - Intermedio Lezione 27

Intermediate 27 - Present Perfect Continuous


Present Perfect Continuous
 
Present Perfect Continuous is used with ACTION verbs. This tense doesn't exist in Italian. It is used for an action started in the past that has continued up until now. We do not know if the action will continue in the future. As with Present Perfect, you can't say when, but you can use it with 'for' and 'since'.
Present Perfect Continuous è usato con verbi di AZIONE. (Questo tempo non esiste in Italiano). Il Present Perfect Continuous è usato per un'azione che è cominciata nel passato ed è continuata fino ad ora. Non sappiamo se l'azione continuerà nel futuro. Come con il Present Perfect, non si può dire quando l'azione è successa, ma si possono usare 'for' e 'since'.

 
How you make the POSITIVE form?
Come si fa la forma AFFERMATIVA?
 
Subject + have/has + been + verb in gerund (ing) form
Soggetto + have/has + been + gerundio del verbo.
 
To work - Infinitive (lavorare - Infinito)
 
 I've been working/I have been working
lavoro/sto lavorando
 You've been working/You have been working
lavori/stai lavorando
 He's been working/He has been working
lui lavora/sta lavorando
 She's been working/She has been working
lei lavora/sta lavorando
 It's been working/It has been working
esso lavora/sta lavorando
 We've been working/We have been working
lavoriamo/stiamo lavorando
 They've been working/They have been working
lavorano/stanno lavorando

Translate:
Traduci:
 
 1. Lui guadagna da 2 mesi.
Answer/Risposta:
 He's been earning for 2 months.  Or  He has been earning for 2 months.
 2. Loro preparano la cena.
Answer/Risposta:
 They've been cooking dinner. Or They have been cooking dinner.
 3. Noi stiamo correndo da 1 ora.
Answer/Risposta:
We've been running for an hour. Or We have been running for an hour.
 4. Lei gioca dalle 10.
Answer/Risposta:
 She's been playing since 10 o'clock. Or She has been playing since 10 o'clock.
 5. Voi fate 'fai da te' tutta la mattina!
Answer/Risposta:
You've been doing do-it-yourself all morning! Or You have been doing do-it-yourself all morning.
 6. Lui guarda un bel film.
Answer/Risposta:
 He has been watching a good film. Or He has been watching a good film.
 
How do you make the NEGATIVE form?
Come si fa la forma NEGATIVA?

 
Subject + haven't/hasn't + been + verb (ing) in gerund form.
Soggetto + haven't/hasn't + been + verbo nella forma del gerundio.
 

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 I haven't been working/I have not been working/I've not been working.
non lavoro/non sto lavorando
 You haven't been working/You have not been working/You've not been working
non lavori/non stai lavorando
 He hasn't been working/He has not been working/He's not been working
lui non lavora/
non sta lavorando
 She hasn't been working/She has not been working/She's not been working
lei non lavora/
non sta lavorando
 It hasn't been working/It has not been working/It's not been working
esso non lavora/
non sta lavorando
 We haven't been working/We have not been working/We've not been working
non lavoriamo/
non stiamo lavorando
 They haven't been working/They have not been working/They've not been working
non lavorano/
non stanno lavorando
 
Translate:
Traduci:
 
 1. Lui non lavora da 2 settimane.
Answer/Risposta:
He  hasn't been working for 2 weeks. 
He has not been working for 2 weeks.
He's not been earning for 2 months.
 2. Loro non ballano da tantissimo.
Answer/Risposta:
They haven't been dancing for ages/a long time.
They have not been dancing for ages/a long time.
They've not been dancing for ages/a long time.
 3. Noi non sciamo da 5 anni.
Answer/Risposta:
We haven't been ski-ing for 5 years.
We have not been ski-ing for 5 years.
We've not been ski-ing for 5 +years.
 
 4. Lei non guadagna da Marzo.
Answer/Risposta:
She hasn't been earning since March.
She has not been earning since March.
She's not been earning since March.
 5. Voi non aspettate da tanto.
Answer/Risposta:
You haven't been waiting long.
You have not been waiting long.
You've not been waiting long.
 6. Lei non prepara una torta, ma il pranzo.
Answer/Risposta:
She hasn't been making a cake, she's been making lunch.
She has not been making a cake, but her lunch. She's not been making a cake, she's been making lunch.
 
How do you make the INTERROGATIVE form?
Come si fa la forma INTERROGATIVA?

 
Have/has + Subject + been + verb (ing) in gerund form.
Have/has + Soggetto + been + verbo nella forma del gerundio. 
 

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 Have I been working?
lavoro/sto lavorando?
 Have you been working?
lavori/stai lavorando?
 Has he been working?
lui lavora/sta lavorando?
 Has she been working?
lei lavora/sta lavorando?
 Has it been working?
esso lavora/sta lavorando?
 Have we been working?
lavoriamo/stiamo lavorando?
 Have they been working?
lavorano/stanno lavorando?
 
Translate:
Traduci:
 
 Da quanto tempo guidi?
Answer/Risposta:
How long have you been driving?
 Stai facendo disordine?
Answer/Risposta:
Have you been making a mess?
 Da quanto tempo scii?
Answer/Risposta:
How long have you been ski-ing?
 Lei cucina?
Answer/Risposta:
Has she been cooking?
 Da quanto tempo dipingiamo?
Answer/Risposta:
How long have we been painting?
 Lui aspetta da tanto?
Answer/Risposta:
Has he been waiting long? Or
Has he been waiting for a long time?
 
Look at the following sentences and decide if they are correct or incorrect.  If they are incorrect, explain why.
Guarda queste frasi e decidi se sono corrette o incorrette.  Se sono incorrette, spiega perchè.

 1. He's been losing his passport.
a) Correct   b) Incorrect
 2. She's been cooking for half an hour.
a) Correct    b) Incorrect
 3. I've been cutting my finger.
a) Correct     b) Incorrect
 4. He's been crashing into my car.
a) Correct      b) Incorrect
 5. I've read an encyclopedia this morning.
a) Correct      b) Incorrect
 6. He's been waiting for a bus since 6 o'clock.
a) Correct      b) Incorrect
 7. He's been working yesterday.
a)  Correct     b) Incorrect
 8. He's been to work yesterday.
a) Correct     b) Incorrect
 9. How long have you been having your car?
a) Correct      b) Incorrect
 
 

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Answers/Risposte:
1. Questa non può essere corretta perchè si perde qualcosa una volta, Present Perfect Continuous è per un'azione che dura nel tempo o si ripete, lui non ha perso il passaporto, poi l'ha riperso...ecc....ecc...Non ha senso.  'I've lost my passport' è corretto qui.2. Corretta 3. Questa è come il numero uno.  Sarebbe pazzesco se continuasse a tagliarsi il dito!  I've cut my finger è corretto qui. 4. Questo
è lo stesso di 1 e 3. Non credo che qualcuno voglia scontrarsi con la macchina, e non ha senso che questa azione duri nel tempo.  He's crashed into my car
è corretto così. 5.  Qui non è credibile che qualcuno abbia letto un'intera enciclopedia - di solito sono lunche! Forse l'ha letta per una durata di tempo che è cominciata nel passato, fino ad ora (non sappiamo se continuerà o no), quindi sarebbe meglio 'I've been reading an encyclopedia this morning." Se proprio l'ha letta tutta dall'inizio alla fine, poi è corretto: "I've read an encyclopedia this morning." 6. Correct.  7. He's been working yesterday.  Non va bene perchè non si dice 'quando' (tranne con 'for' e 'since' con Present Perfect of Present Perfect Continuous. 8. Come 7. Non si dice 'quando' tranne con 'for' or 'since'. 9. Non va bene semplicemente perchè 'to have' non è un'azione.  'How long have you had your car?" è corretto.

 
 

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a) WITH EVIDENCE - you can see the result.
a) CON EVIDENZA - si vede il risultato.

 
Example/Esempio:
Someone has red cheeks. Qualcuno ha le guance rosse.
Question: "What have you been doing?" Answer: "I've been running." Ho corso.
Domanda: "Cosa hai fatto?" (sotto inteso per avere le guance rosse)Risposta: Ho corso.

Write what these people have been doing.
Scrivi quello che hanno fatto queste persone.
 
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's  been gardening.
 
Answer/Risposta:
She's been painting.
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been cooking.
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been swimming.
 
b) With 'for' and 'since' when used with verbs of action.
b) Con 'for' e 'since' quando sono usati con verbi di di azione.

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What have these people been doing?
Cosa fa questa gente?
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
She's been cooking for an hour. (or) She's been cooking since 6 o'clock. (or) She has been cooking for an hour.  (or) She has been cooking since 6 o'clock.
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been playing the guitar for quarter of an hour. (Or) He has been playing the guitar for quarter of an hour. (Or) He's been playing the guitar for 15 minutes. (Or) He's been playing the guitar for 15 minutes.
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
She's been having a shower for 10 minutes.  Or She has been having a shower for 10 minutes. 
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been playing football for an hour.  (or) He has been playing football for an hour.
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
She's been playing the piano for 50 minutes.  (or) She has been playing the piano for 50 minutes. (or) She has been playing the piano since 20 past 11.  (or) She's been playing the piano since twenty past eleven.
 
   
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been sleeping for 2 hours. (or) He's been sleeping since 11 o'clock (or) He has been sleeping for 2 hours. (or) He has been sleeping since 11 o'clock.
 
c) Past action which now results in skill or knowledge.
c) Azione nel passato che ora risulta in un'abilità o conoscenza.
 

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Listen to John
Ascolta John
 
 
 
Can John......
John è capace di......
      
 
 1. Drive?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 a
 2. Play the guitar?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 a (a little)
 3. Play the piano?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 a
 4. Do DIY?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 b
 5. Ski?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 a
 6. Cook?
a) Yes      b) No
Answer/Risposta:
 b
 
Questions:
Domande:
 
Si può usare Present Perfect o Present Perfect Continuous.  C'è  poca o nessuna differenza in significato quando si usa for/since) ma Il Present Perfect Continuous suona più naturale quando si usa verbi di AZIONE.
 
 
 1. How long has he been driving?  (or) How long has he driven a car?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been driving for 21 years. (or) He's driven a car for 21 years.
 2. How long has he been playing the guitar? (or) How long has he played the guitar?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been playing the guitar for a month. (or) He's played the guitar for a month.
 3. How long has he been playing the piano? (or) How long has he played the piano?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been playing the piano for 7 years. (or) He's played the piano for 7 years.
 4. How  long has he been doing DIY? (or) How long has he done DIY?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He can't do DIY.
 5. How long has he been ski-ing?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He's been ski-ing since he was little.
 6. How long has he been cooking?  (or) How long has he cooked?
 
Answer/Risposta:
He can't cook.
 

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Click here only if you want to see the dialogue:
Clicca qui solo se vuoi vedere il dialogo:
 
Interviewer:  Thank you for agreeing to answer some questions for us John.  Can you drive?
John: Yes, I've been driving for 21 years, a long time.
Interviewer:Are you musical John?  Can you play the guitar or piano?
John: I can play the guitar a little bit but I've only been playing it for a month, I can play the piano quite well.  I've been playing piano now for about 7 years.
Interviewer:Are you a practical person?  Can you do DIY for example?
John:No, not at all, I'm hopeless!
Interviewer:Do you like sport? Can you ski?
John:I love ski-ing.  I go twice a year.  I've been ski-ing since I was little.
Interviewer:Finally what are you like in the kitchen? Can you cook?
John:Sorry, no.  I'm really bad.  I think I'd even burn a salad!
Interviewer:Thanks very much for your time John.
John: You're welcome.
 

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L' opportunità di scrivere a noi...

 

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d) Complaints. It emphasises the length of time you've had the problem.
d) Reclami. Si mette in rilievo in periodo di tempo nel quale hai avuto il problema.

Example: I've been waiting here for 2 hours to see a doctor. Aspetto da 2 ore per vedere un medico!
 
Complain:
Reclama:
 
a) Soffri con un male di dente.
b) Hai dolore alla schiena.
c) Aspetti un'autobus da 1 ora.
d) In questo periodo giochi male a tennis.
e) Tua mamma paga troppo per il gas per gli ultimi 3 mesi.
f) Tuo fratello ha problemi con la sua macchina recentemente.

 
e) Excuses
e) Scuse
 
Example/Esempio:
Why haven't you washed the clothes? I haven't washed the clothes because I've been shopping. Non ho lavato i vestiti perchè ho fatto la spesa tutta la mattina.
 
Write an excuse for the following situations:
Scrivi una scusa per le seguenti situazioni:
 
1. Why haven't you fed the dog?
2. Why haven't you written the letter to the police?
3. Why haven't you cooked dinner?
4. Why haven't you emptied the bins?
5. Why haven't you bought some milk?
6. Why haven't you cut the grass?

 

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Present Perfect Continuous



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