Avanzato 5 - Trapassato Prossimo

Avanzato 5 - Trapassato Prossimo
Past Perfect
Trapassato Prossimo
 
How you make the POSITIVE form?
Come si fa la forma AFFERMATIVA?
 
Subject + had + past participle
Soggetto + had + participio passato

To dream - Infinitive (Sognare - Infinito)

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Avevo sognato
Answers/Risposte:
I had dreamt
Avevi sognato
Answers/Risposte:
You had dreamt
Lui/Lei/Esso aveva sognato
Answers/Risposte:
He/She/It had dreamt
Avevamo sognato
Answers/Risposte:
We had dreamt
Avevate sognato
Answers/Risposte:
You had dreamt
Avevano sognato
Answers/Risposte: 
They had dreamt
 
Note: English never uses 'been' as the auxiliary verb.  It is always 'had'.
Nota: L'inglese non usa mai 'been' (stato) come il verbo ausiliare. È sempre 'had' (avuto).
 
Translate:
Traduci:
 
 1) Aveva cambiato.
 
Answer/Risposta:
 It had changed.
 2) Eravamo arrivati.
 
Answer/Risposta:
 We had arrived.
 3) Avemo mantenuto.
Answer/Risposta:
 We had kept.
 4) Avevate viaggiato in aereo.
Answer/Risposta:
 You had flown.
 5) Ero stato.
Answer/Risposta:
 I had been.
 6) Avevano arrestato.
Answer/Risposta:
 They had arrested.
 

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How do you make the NEGATIVE form?
Come si fa la forma NEGATIVA?
 
To change - Infinitive (Cambiare - Infinito)
 
 I hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Non avevo cambiato.
 You hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Non avevi cambiato.
 He/She/It hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Lui/Lei/Esso non aveva cambiato.
 We hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Non avevamo cambiato.
 You hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Non avevate cambiato.
 They hadn't changed.
 Answer/Risposta:
 Non avevano cambiato.

Translate:
Traduci:

 1. Lui non aveva riparato.
 
Answers/Risposte:
He hadn't repaired (or) He hadn't fixed.
 2. Non si erano lamentati.
 
Answers/Risposte:
They hadn't complained.
 3. Non avevamo lasciato.
 
Answers/Risposte:
 We hadn't let.
 4. Lei non era venuta.
 
Answers/Risposte:
She hadn't come.
 5. Non eravate stati.
 
Answers/Risposte:
You hadn't been.
 6. Non avevi guardato.
 
Answers/Risposte:
You hadn't watched.
 
How do you make the INTERROGATIVE form?
Come si fa la forma INTERROGATIVA?
 
To neglect - Infinitive (Trascurare - Infinito)
 

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 Avevo trascurato?
Answers/Risposte:
Had I neglected?
 Avevi trascurato?
Answers/Risposte:
Had you neglected?
 Lui/Lei/Esso trascurato?
Answers/Risposte:
Had he/she/it neglected?
 Avevamo trascurato?
 Answers/Risposte:
Had we neglected?
 Avevate trascurato?
Answers/Risposte:
Had we neglected?
 Avevano trascurato
Answers/Risposte:
Had they neglected?
 
Translate:
Traduci:

 Avevi deciso?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had you decided?
 Loro avevano riempito?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had they filled?
 Avevano saputo?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had they known?
 Ti aveva detto?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had he/she told you?
 Lui era scomparso?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had he disappeared?
 Avevate gridato?
 Answers/Risposte:
 Had you shouted?
 
 
When do you use Past Perfect in English?
Quando si usa il Trapassato Prossimo in Inglese?
 
 A) To talk about a finished past action which happened before another finished past action.
A) Per parlare di un'azione finito che è successa prima di un'altra azione finita.
 
Finish these sentences...

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 1) Michael spent the morning shopping.
Michael was tired because.........
Answer/Risposta:
Michael was tired because he had spent the morning shopping.
 2) He didn't study much and failed his exam.
He failed his exam because.....
Answer/Risposta:
He failed his exam because he hadn't studied much.
 3) They left their passports at home.
They couldn't get on the plane because....
Answer/Risposta:
They couldn't get on the plane because they had left their passports at home.
 4) He left his wallet at home.
He didn't buy anything because.....
Answer/Risposta:
He didn't buy anything because he had left his wallet at home.
 
More practice...
Più Pratica...
 
Put the following sentences in the correct order to form a short story about Mark.
Metti le seguenti frasi nel ordine corretta per formare una storia corta.
 
   
 
   
 
 

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  • He told the taxi driver he couldn't pay.
  • Mark went to a party and woke up late next morning.
  • He missed the bus to go to the football match.
  • When he arrived at the football stadium, he hadn't got enough money to pay for the taxi.
  • The taxi driver was very angry.
  • The policeman was taken to hospital by ambulance.
  • Mark got angry too and punched the taxi driver!
  • Mark is in jail.
  • A policeman saw them and ran to the car.
  • So he got a taxi but forgot his wallet because of his hangover!
  • Mark was so angry he punched the policeman too!

 
Answers/Risposta:
  • Mark went to a party and woke up late next morning. 
  • He missed the bus to go to the football match. 
  • So he got a taxi but forgot his wallet because of his hangover! 
  • When he arrived at the football stadium, he hadn't got enough money to pay for the taxi. 
  • He told the taxi driver he couldn't pay. 
  • The taxi driver was very angry. 
  • Mark got angry too and punched the taxi driver! 
  • A policeman saw them and ran to the car. 
  • Mark was so angry he punched the policeman too! 
  • The policeman was taken to hospital by ambulance. 
  • Mark is in jail.
Questions:
Domande:
 
 1) Why did Mark wake up late?
Answer/Risposta:
Mark woke up late because he had gone to a party the night before. (Or) Mark woke up late because he had been to a party the night before.
 2) Why did Mark miss his bus?
Answer/Risposta:
Mark missed his bus because he had woken up late.
 3) Why couldn't Mark pay the taxi driver?
Answer/Risposta:
Mark couldn't pay the taxi driver because he had forgotten his wallet. (Or)  He couldn't pay the taxi driver because he had left his wallet at home.
 4) Why did Mark punch the taxi driver?
Answer/Risposta:
He punched the taxi driver because he had got angry. (Or) He punched the taxi driver because he was angry.
 5) Why did the policeman run to the car?
Answer/Risposta:
The policeman ran to the car because he had seen Mark punch the taxi driver.
 6) Why did an ambulance take the policeman to hospital?
Answer/Risposta:
An ambulance took the policeman to hospital because Mark had punched him.
 
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Avanzato 5 - Trapassato Prossimo - Click to make an enquiry
Past Perfect



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